Linguists subscribe to the belief that the languages of about one-third of the human race all developed from one Indo-European language.
But who were the speakers of this ancient language ?
Linguistic detective work offers some clues: you can deduce a people＇s history from the words they use.
Study of some fifty ancient vocabularies has led to a reconstruction of the lifestyle of the first Indo-Europeans,a vanished people.
From the words they used, it seems likely that they lived a half-settled, half-nomadic existence.
They worshipped gods who are clear ancestors of Indian, Mediterranean, and Celtic deities.
However, exactly who the original Indo-Europeans were and when they lived remain a hotly debated mystery.
According to an early theory, they lived in Mesopotamia, but this idea was exploded by nineteenth-century archaeology.
Today, some argue for the Krugan culture of the Russian steppes, others for the farming culture of the Danube valley.
The most widely accepted theory locates the Indo-Europeans in a cold, northern climate where common words for snow and wolf were important.
None of these prehistoric languages had a word for the sea. From this, and from our knowledge of nature,
it is clear that the Indo-Europeans must have lived somewhere in northern central Europe.
2. 古代人[the P]
1. 字彙; 語彙; 用字範圍[C][U]
2. 單字集; 字典[C]
n. (名詞 noun)
1. 塞爾特語 屬印歐語系,包括愛爾蘭語、蘇格蘭蓋立語、威爾斯語、不列顛語等,根據語言特徵又分為布列吞語和戈伊德爾語兩大分支
adj. (形容詞 adjective)
- Celtic literature
3. (大寫)上帝[the S]
What is this passage mainly about?
The intellectual climate of the Indo-Europeans
A study of prehistoric lifestyles
A search for ancient Indo-Europeans
Prehistoric ways of living
According to the passage, what does the underlined word “exploded＂ mean?
Disproved Burst Arranged Destroyed
vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)
2. [古] 把(演員、歌手)轟下台
According to the passage, who might have created the Krugan culture?
the original Indo-Europeans
A tribe of Celtic origin
A farming people in ancient Mesopotamia
A tribe that led a settle life
According to the passage, what kind of study plays a major part in helping us understand the history of the Indo-Europeans?
A study of prehistoric plants
A study of prehistoric deities
A study of prehistoric climate
A study of prehistoric languages
According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
None of the prehistoric languages studied had a word for sea.
About two-thirds of human languages stemmed from Latin.
The Indo-Europeans did not worship their gods and goddesses.
There was an explosion in ancient Mesopotamia.
C A A D A